Metropolis: Joint of historical heritage and urban living.
Skopje is the capital of the republic of Macedonia. It is located in the northern part of the Republic of Macedonia, in Skopje Valley. Skopje is a city in the central part of Balkan Peninsula. It communicates easy with Mediterranean region on the south and regions of Central and Northern Europe on the north. Skopje dates back to pre-antique period. This city had strategic importance during the antique period, it was known as Skupi. There are a few remains of the antique city of Skupi, mostly found in villages near Skopje. Skupi was the capital of Dardania.
Skopje – The City of Solidarity
The vivid established tempo in Skopje was stopped by the devastating earthquake on 26th July, 1964. There were more than 1.000 casualties and about 3.000 severely or lightly injured in the earthquake with intensity of 9 degrees. The total building fund in the city was demolished or damaged about 45%, and a lot of public building, cultural objects and industrial units were demolished or damaged. After the earthquake in 1963, Skopje as the city of solidarity grew into more modern agglomeration where urban linking of the East and West was performed.
Pictured: Old Railway Station in the center of Skopje, the clock has stopped at the time of the earthquake.
Kale – The fortress of Justinian the First
It is believed that the fortress, also familiar as Skopje Kale (Tower), was inhabited during Neolith and early Bronze Age. There is numerous archaelogical data that can witness that. The fortress dates back in the period of the tsar Justinian 1 (535). Due to its strange location and role the fortress used to be attacked and used very frequently by different invaders. After the fall of Samuil’s Empire (1018), the city was invaded by Petar Deljan (1014-1041). Afterwards, it was attacked by Kumani, Skiti, Pechenzi and other attackers. Numerous archaelogical remains have been found on the Kale. Nowadays, Skopje’s Fortress Kale is one of the most remarkable buildings in Skopje where various cultural and tourist motives are present.
Stone Bridge – The symbol of Skopje since the 15th century
The Stone Bridge over the river Vardar was built in the first half of the fifteenth century. The bridge links the old part and the new part of the city. Sidewalk paths were build in 1905, and it was completely renovated in the last decade of the twentieth century.
There were 13 domes on the original bridge, having 215 meters length and 6 meters width. New interventions were started in 1992 in order to return the original appearance of the Stone Bridge, therefore the original width of the bridge is restored.
The Memorial House of Mother Theresa
The Memorial House and monument of Mother-Theresa (1910-1997) are located on the street Macedonia in the center of the city Skopje. They are dedicated to the great humanist Agnesa Gonxha Bojaxhiu – Mother Theresa, born in Skopje, a winner of Nobel Peace Prize in 1979. Nowadays the order of Mother Theresa has more than 3000 nuns and 500 monks in more than 100 countries all over the world.
Mother Theresa is the honored citizen of her birth city Skopje, she visited the city four times in 1970, 1978, 1980 and 1986 after she had left to perform her missionary work helping the hungry and lonely.